There is a strong genetic basis to human autism spectrum disorders, but it has not been confirmed whether human behavioral disorders relate to insect social behaviors and if the similarities reflect common mechanistic roots. A recent ground-breaking study highlights the genetic link between socially unresponsive bees and human behavioral disorders, bringing new context to autism
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Anxiety disorders are prevalent and impairing. A recent article in JAMA summarizes the research so far and lays out the current accepted treatment plan for most anxiety disorders. Everyone worries from time to time, especially when life takes particularly stressful and unexpected turns. But short-term states and long-term traits of anxiety can manifest much more
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A novel study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated the plausible relationships between infant feeding methods (breastfeeding and formula feeding), patterns of growth, and future obesity risk from 0-7 months of age. Prior research studies have established that a high body mass index (BMI) and increased rate of weight gain during infancy
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Recent clinical trials have provided evidence that treating metastatic prostate cancer with a combination of abiraterone and androgen-depravation therapy (ADT) significantly improves the survival rate of patients with metastatic or locally advanced prostate cancer. Approximately one in seven men worldwide are diagnosed with prostate cancer at least once in their life, and so ensuring the
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Liver disease is a common cause of premature death in the UK. Recently, The Lancet Commission on Liver Disease highlighted the financial impact liver disease places on the national healthcare system and businesses, and suggested strategies to reduce these burdens. The negative impacts of liver disease on citizens under the age of 65 in the
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Acute kidney injury is a common condition seen by clinicians in different settings. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnosis and clinical management of this condition. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnostic methods and
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Over 50 years ago scientists accidentally discovered tamoxifen, the standard adjuvant treatment used for the past three decades to reduce the risk of recurrence in breast cancer patients. However, with advances in research comes new therapeutics and the question arises whether tamoxifen is still the best drug available to help reduce breast cancer recurrence? Tamoxifen
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In a 2017 study, researchers examined the relationship between rare gene variants and early-onset Alzheimer’s disease risk. Variants in a number of genes were identified, including PSD2, TCIRG1, and RIN3 – genes important to endolysosomal function. Mutations in a number of key genes have been implicated in the development of 5-10% of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease
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As the most common type of heart disease and a leading cause of death in the US, coronary artery disease treatment is of significant importance. A recent study compares whether bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) are as safe and effective as drug-eluting stents (DES) for treating coronary artery disease.   Comparing Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease
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A recent study reports that a high-fiber diet during radiation therapy for pelvic cancer helps reduce gastrointestinal radiation toxicity both immediately and over the long term compared to habitual fiber intake. This finding contravenes existing practice that recommends low-fiber diets to people undergoing pelvic radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is commonly used to treat abdominal and
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A randomized controlled trial split patients using continuous glucose monitoring into two treatment groups, one using insulin pumps and the other using insulin injections. The results show that the insulin pump group gained better control over the stabilization of glucose levels. Type I diabetes is a disease that affects more than 300,000 Canadians. It is
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Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in research and technology have helped in the understanding of the disease which in turn aids treatment and management. Community acquired pneumonia is one of the main causes of hospital admissions and healthcare professionals encounter community acquired pneumonia in different
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Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies. Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life by negatively
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