Depressive disorders can develop during or after pregnancy, and studies have shown that they increase risk of maternal suicide and complications such as low birthweight and infant malnutrition. A recent study published in the Lancet Psychiatry identified clinical differences in perinatal depressive symptoms based on symptom type, severity, and timing of onset.   According to
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Music therapy is a promising tool in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. A new course offered by Ithaca College and a student organization provide music therapy to local nursing home residents. With so much enthusiasm for the course and organization, Ithaca College may start offering a Music as Medicine major or minor.
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution.   Childhood and adolescence are crucial
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Subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy have been hypothesized to be associated with cognitive function in offspring. However, recently researchers found that treatment with levothyroxine is not associated with greater IQ in children of mothers who have thyroid disease during pregnancy.   The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck right
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The serotonin hypothesis of autism posits that fetal exposure to high levels of serotonin may increase the risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A new study investigated whether children born to mothers using prescription antidepressants that modulate serotonin levels were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Depression is one of the most frequent
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Individuals in the 50-64 age category with both diabetes and depression experienced a significant acceleration in memory loss compared to individuals with only one, or neither condition.   Previous research found that having type 2 diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing depression. Conversely, having depression increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Both conditions
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A recent study investigating the relationship between diet and depression found that no significant dietary changes occur in senior adults at the onset of depression.   Depression is a medical condition that affects more than 15 million American adults and contributes substantially to the global burden of disease. Despite this, researchers and clinicians have failed
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Researchers from the UK investigated the effects of exclusive, long-term breastfeeding on obesity and blood pressure of offspring in adolescence and found that breastfeeding in infancy did not lower the risk of obesity or high blood pressure.   Childhood obesity is a rising phenomenon worldwide. Obese children often become obese adults and may be affected
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An environmental research letter highlights the potential correlation between weather-related nitrous oxide levels and prenatal stress contributing to autism spectrum disorders (ASD).   Increasing global awareness of climate change piques public curiosity about human-environment interactions. Environmental effects on health are of particular interest lately, as they relate to the etiology of various disorders. Exploring this
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically treated with medication; however, this approach has limitations. Behavioural therapy, through the use of neurofeedback (NF) training has been shown to be of value in the treatment of ADHD for children and, when administered in conjunction with medication, may help to reduce the symptoms of ADHD observed by
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A meta-analysis study published in JAMA Pediatrics investigated the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic treatment over surgical intervention in children with uncomplicated appendicitis.   The appendix is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, the initial part of the large intestine. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, which is acute and painful condition felt at the right
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early onset neurodevelopmental disorders that affect behavior, mood, and cognition. Dietary interventions that affect the microbiome may alleviate behavioral symptoms associated with these disorders, but evidence is inconclusive and further study is needed.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by deficits in social
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In case you missed it, here are the biggest headlines of the week! Effects of Mediterranean Diet on Endothelial Function and Blood Pressure A group of researchers conducted a randomized control trial to determine whether adherence to Mediterranean diet improved endothelial function and lowered blood pressure levels … [read more] Is Ketamine with Electroconvulsive Therapy
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Clinical trial data support the administration of antibiotics within 60 minutes before surgery for prevention of infection.   Surgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common hospital-acquired infections in surgical patients. To prevent such infections, the World Health Organization (WHO)recommends antibiotics be given within an hour of surgical incision. Called surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP), these
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The Canadian government, under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, plans on passing new legislation that will legalize recreational marijuana use across Canada for anyone over the age of 18. Despite wide public support, some policy makers and politicians have concerns regarding the logistics and wholesome regulation of recreational marijuana. Legalizing recreational marijuana has been a heavily
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A clinical study of adult patients with an asthma diagnosis suggests that follow-up reassessment may be warranted. A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated whether asthma can be ruled out and medications can safely be stopped in some adult patients.According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI),
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls.   Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals.   The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase
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A consultation paper proposing a risk-based approach to regulation of “self-care” products represents significant change in how cosmetics, natural health products and non-prescription drugs are regulated in Canada.   Health Canada is responsible for regulation of both prescription and non-prescription (or “self-care”) products sold in Canada.  Self-care products cover three categories of goods: Cosmetics, which
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