Attitudes toward breastfeeding have a chequered past despite the many positive health benefits it provides and its association with children’s cognitive development. Currently, the UK has one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world, mainly due to social attitudes. Although policies promoting breastfeeding have been introduced in the UK, it appears that greater
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According to recent studies, ductal carcinoma in situ, a non-invasive benign tumour of the breast, is over-diagnosed and therefore overtreated. An unfortunate reaction to overtreatment of benign breast tumours might be a decrease of the active surveillance of the breast tissue which causes patients to be underdiagnosed for invasive ductal carcinoma. Tumours can either be
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The CRISPR-Cas9 screening method has identified the genes that play a role in the body’s immune response to tumors. This important discovery will help to improve the results of cancer immunotherapy. Cancer cells are known to often contain genetic mutations. However, other non-cancerous cells within the body may also contain mutations which can either hinder
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Genome-wide association studies for many neurological disorders have limiting factors that cause the inability to draw significant clinical outcomes. Recently, studies have overcome these limitations for three neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s disease. A number of genome-wide association studies have provided important information on neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, with over
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Medication administration and management is a real problem in patients suffering from medical conditions associated with cognitive deficits. A recent study examined the experience of family members as they help take care of elder family members with Alzheimer’s disease. Compliance is an ongoing issue in medicine, particularly for elderly patients with medical conditions that cause
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In a 2017 study, researchers explored the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms of the C-reactive protein gene and age-related macular degeneration. The findings suggest that C-reactive protein does not cause macular degeneration. Associations have been drawn between high levels of the inflammatory biomarker C-reactive protein (CRP) and age-related macular degeneration (AMD) – deterioration of the
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A study published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated whether a higher consumption of milk alternatives as opposed to cow milk will result in lower heights during childhood. A wealth of research evidence exists supporting the idea that height is a crucial measure of a child’s development and nutritional status. Relatedly, consuming
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A new study finds an association between the serum levels of trans-fatty acids and that of the inflammatory markers high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and fibrinogen, suggesting that dietary trans-fatty acids may contribute to inflammation-related disorders such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Trans-unsaturated fatty acids (also known as trans-fatty acids or trans-fats)are unsaturated fatty acids
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With increasing awareness of how complex, damaging, and persistent brain injuries can be, researchers have been analyzing and improving the ways we diagnose damage to the brain. New methods of performing CT scans have outperformed previous ways and will be critical in improved treatment and diagnosis of trauma. Terrifying brain injuries seem all too common-
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Gonorrhea is one of the most common STI (sexually transmitted infections) worldwide. In 2016, the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership (GARDP) was developed to address the concerns regarding the emergence of multidrug-resistant gonorrhea and the need for new treatments. Gonorrhea, caused by Neisseria gonorrheae bacteria is one of the most common STIs (sexually transmitted
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A recent study published in BMC Public Health determines whether Australian runners who participate in community-based physical activity are more satisfied with their physical health compared to the general population. Although the benefits of physical activity have been well-established, many people struggle to incorporate exercise into their daily routines. Community-based fitness events encourage not only
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New studies demonstrate that inhibiting the activity of angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver protein that regulates lipoprotein metabolism and inhibits lipoprotein lipase (LPL), could help lower the plasma levels of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol as well as reduce the risk of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease.   It has been
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A recently published review in JAMA Pediatrics considers historical reasons and present implications of testing for respiratory tract infections in children. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children are a major cost and burden to the healthcare system. These respiratory tract infections, like bronchiolitis, the common cold, and seasonal influenza, affect physician and nursing time, emergency
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Leprosy is a worldwide disease. Unfortunately, efforts to eradicate this debilitating illness have stalled. This overview calls for a worldwide coalition towards a zero-case strategy. Leprosy, a bacterial disease, is a major cause of peripheral neuropathy leading to disability. Leprosy remains in over 100 countries and the battle to eliminate this disease has been fought
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When extremely preterm infants are born, they often experience problems breathing on their own and require assisted ventilation. However, despite less invasive ventilation methods now being used a recent study has found that there was no significant improvement in the newborn’s long-term lung function. Substantial changes in assisted ventilation have been seen over the last
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There is a strong genetic basis to human autism spectrum disorders, but it has not been confirmed whether human behavioral disorders relate to insect social behaviors and if the similarities reflect common mechanistic roots. A recent ground-breaking study highlights the genetic link between socially unresponsive bees and human behavioral disorders, bringing new context to autism
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Anxiety disorders are prevalent and impairing. A recent article in JAMA summarizes the research so far and lays out the current accepted treatment plan for most anxiety disorders. Everyone worries from time to time, especially when life takes particularly stressful and unexpected turns. But short-term states and long-term traits of anxiety can manifest much more
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A novel study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated the plausible relationships between infant feeding methods (breastfeeding and formula feeding), patterns of growth, and future obesity risk from 0-7 months of age. Prior research studies have established that a high body mass index (BMI) and increased rate of weight gain during infancy
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Recent clinical trials have provided evidence that treating metastatic prostate cancer with a combination of abiraterone and androgen-depravation therapy (ADT) significantly improves the survival rate of patients with metastatic or locally advanced prostate cancer. Approximately one in seven men worldwide are diagnosed with prostate cancer at least once in their life, and so ensuring the
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Liver disease is a common cause of premature death in the UK. Recently, The Lancet Commission on Liver Disease highlighted the financial impact liver disease places on the national healthcare system and businesses, and suggested strategies to reduce these burdens. The negative impacts of liver disease on citizens under the age of 65 in the
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Acute kidney injury is a common condition seen by clinicians in different settings. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnosis and clinical management of this condition. An article published in the Clinical Kidney Journal this 2017 provided an overview of the current diagnostic methods and
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