Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of mortality and some hypothesize that a full moon increases the likelihood of motorcycle-related deaths. A new study published in the British Medical Journal assessed whether a full moon contributes to motorcycle crashes in the US, Canada, United Kingdom, and Australia. Motorcycle crashes are a very common cause of
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Researchers in Canada examined whether childhood health behaviours predicted a later diagnosis of adolescent internalizing disorders. Mental health continues to be a burden across the globe. Approximately one in four people will experience one or more episodes of poor mental health in their lifetime. Half of all cases of poor mental health occur during adolescence.
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A recent study investigated factors that may influence attitudes towards doping in a cohort of Korean national athletes competing in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. Despite efforts by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), the rate of positive doping tests remains approximately 2%. Most anti-doping approaches involve a detection approach, where regular doping controls and severe
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A study published in BMC Research Notes reported results on how First Nations women compared to Caucasian women concerning perceived physical and mental health. First Nations, or Indigenous peoples, are the first inhabitants of what is now known as Canada. They currently make up around 4% of Canada’s population. Several health studies have been conducted
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Researchers investigate the effects of light therapy on sleep disturbances and depression in older adults with mild cognitive impairments from dementia. Pathological changes in the brain can lead to mild cognitive impairment followed by dementia. This mild cognitive impairment is a transitional stage between healthy aging and dementia and is characterized as impairment in one
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An episodic migraine is a debilitating headache disorder with few effective and safe preventative treatments available. Researchers in this study conducted a trial on erenumab, to determine its effectiveness in providing relief for people suffering from episodic migraines. Migraines are defined as a debilitating headache disorder that manifests as a throbbing headache which can last
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A recent study investigated whether a low sodium diet or treatment with paricalcitol or both could help type 2 diabetic patients at risk of kidney failure. Approximately 35% of patients with diabetes suffer from diabetic kidney disease, which is the number one cause worldwide for end-stage kidney disease.  The presence of abnormal levels of albumin,
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A study from Denmark examines the relationship between psychiatric disorders in children and a history of homelessness in their parents. Children and adolescents that come from socially disadvantaged backgrounds struggle with health problems compared to those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Social status and placement are suggested to have the largest effect on a child’s health
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Researchers in Canada evaluate the value of a new gender-sensitized weight loss program called Hockey FIT, designed specifically for men. According to 2014 statistics, 62% of Canadian men self-reported being overweight or obese as opposed to 46% of women. Data indicates that men tend to feel underrepresented in promotional health programs. There is a need
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Melatonin is a natural medicine with a favourable side effect profile that may prevent migraines.  A recent study compares the effectiveness and safety of melatonin to the commonly prescribed preventive medication amitriptyline. Migraine headaches are a common condition characterized by recurring moderate to severe headache attacks, autonomic nervous system dysfunction (i.e. vomiting) and in some
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Researchers assessed if residents’ participation in sports clubs is influenced by the characteristics of their neighbourhood such as having green or blue space. Physical activity has several positive impacts on an individual and participation in club-based sports has also been shown to be very beneficial in improving psychological and social wellbeing. Due to societal developments,
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In a recent study, researchers determine whether financial incentives would improve breastfeeding rates in a UK population. Although breastfeeding and its numerous effects on a newborn’s well-being have long been established as being extremely beneficial, financial incentives could have greater effects on improving breastfeeding rates in communities where breastfeeding rates are low. This study, published
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European researchers used two large population studies to determine how paternal depression symptoms may influence depression symptoms in teens. According to lead researcher Gemma Lewis, the incidence of depression increases markedly around 13 years of age with a majority of adults confirming their initial depressive symptoms occurring around the same time during adolescence. A mother’s
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Researchers at Spark Therapeutics and Pfizer tested the safety and efficacy of a new hemophilia gene therapy vector for the treatment of hemophilia B. The body’s ability to stop bleeding and repair damaged blood vessels depends heavily upon a variety of clot-forming enzymes. Deficiency in one such enzyme, coagulation factor IX, results in the development
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A large trial in the UK compared behavioural activation therapy and self-guided therapy for those with both intellectual disability and depression. Mental health illnesses do not discriminate and are widespread across all populations. Some populations are particularly vulnerable; in fact, among the intellectually disabled, as many as 40% live with a mental health illness. Some
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Researchers investigated whether a nutritional product called LipiDiDiet can delay the progression of cognitive decline in early Alzheimer’s patients. Since the first signs of cognitive decline can appear in early Alzheimer’s several years before the onset of dementia, early interventions may help to stabilize cognitive functioning and prolong independence. LipiDiDiet is a medical nutrition drink
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A recent study examines the relationship between colorectal cancer risk and high blood glucose levels, insulin levels, and insulin resistance in a cohort study. Colorectal cancer, which comprises cancers that originate in the colon or rectum, is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers around the world. There is a noticeable correlation between colorectal cancer
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Scientists are investigating the effectiveness of using galcanezumab to prevent migraines, a monoclonal antibody that targets the proteins involved in migraine pathophysiology. Migraines are chronic, debilitating headaches that can last a few hours or up to a few days. The cost to migraine sufferers is quite high when considering absenteeism from school or work and
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Modern hormonal contraceptives are used frequently worldwide among women. A research group recently analyzed whether modern hormonal contraceptives affected breast cancer risk among pre-menopausal women in Denmark. It is estimated that over 140 million women worldwide use hormonal contraception. The hormone estrogen is known to contribute to the initiation of breast cancer. Because hormonal contraception
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