A recent study reports that a high-fiber diet during radiation therapy for pelvic cancer helps reduce gastrointestinal radiation toxicity both immediately and over the long term compared to habitual fiber intake. This finding contravenes existing practice that recommends low-fiber diets to people undergoing pelvic radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is commonly used to treat abdominal and
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A randomized controlled trial split patients using continuous glucose monitoring into two treatment groups, one using insulin pumps and the other using insulin injections. The results show that the insulin pump group gained better control over the stabilization of glucose levels. Type I diabetes is a disease that affects more than 300,000 Canadians. It is
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Community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Recent advances in research and technology have helped in the understanding of the disease which in turn aids treatment and management. Community acquired pneumonia is one of the main causes of hospital admissions and healthcare professionals encounter community acquired pneumonia in different
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Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies. Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life by negatively
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Despite the availability of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia, some patients won’t respond to the drugs or experience relapse. A phase 3 clinical trial examined the safety profile of inotuzumabozogazamin, a novel chemotherapeutic drug which has a potential to be used for relapsed and refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia. There are many
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An analysis of germline mutation status predicting therapy response results from the GeparSixto trial looked into the efficacy of the treatment regimen for patients with triple-negative breast cancer. Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients carrying a germline mutation demonstrate better pathological complete response (pCR) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates under the anthracycline, taxane, and bevacizumab regimen.
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A group of researchers compared the biosimilar monoclonal antibody CT-P10 to the currently used rituximab in the treatment of follicular lymphoma. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) is a blood cancer characterized by the aberrant growth and multiplication of white blood cells (lymphocytes). Cancerous lymphocytes can migrate to and from tumors in different parts of the body, including
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Oxidative stress has negative effects in the intestines and one group recently studied whether arginine supplementation can alleviate these effects, using an animal model. The study demonstrates that oxidative stress decreases arginine levels and increases inflammation, whereas the addition of arginine to the diet reverses these outcomes. Free radicals are chemically reactive molecules that are
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Tau proteins might be associated with dementia (including Alzheimer’s disease) as well as mild cognitive impairment and cognitive decline. The current study found that higher levels of total tau in blood plasma were significantly associated with cognitive decline. Dementia represents a broad category of neurological diseases that cause gradual cognitive decline over time. The most
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Surgical tumor removal followed by stereotactic radiosurgery significantly lowers rates of tumor recurrence compared with tumor removal alone. Cancer metastases to the brain are a major healthcare burden. For single metastases, surgical removal of the tumor followed by whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is the standard of care and has been shown to improve survival compared
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Being diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension (HTN) may result in the development of post-pregnancy hypertension in the years following the delivery. Hypertension (HTN), or commonly high blood pressure, is a medical condition where there is persistent elevation in the blood pressure in the arteries. If this persists long-term the body may suffer direct damage in
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Complementary therapies are an appealing option for many patients with chronic disease. A recent study suggests supplementation with mulberry leaf extract may help decrease blood glucose levels after meals in patients with type 2 diabetes. Mulberry leaves have a history of anecdotal use in Asia to treat glucose irregularities and studies in diabetic rats have
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Myocardial infarction (heart attack) is often treated with beta-blockers in the long-term, but the effectiveness of this medication is not well studied in patients without heart failure. Dondo and colleagues recently showed that there is no benefit to using beta-blockers in patients without heart failure. Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, happens when the heart stops
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A recent study reports an association between low levels of vitamin A (Retinol), vitamin E and retinol binding protein (RBP4) and a poor prognosis for renal cell carcinoma. Renal cell carcinoma is the most prevalent kidney cancer in adults, and it refers to various tumors in the nephron tissue (kidney tubular structures mediating transport of
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An aimed to investigate whether the consumption of sweetened beverages was linked with diabetes mellitus risk factors. It was concluded that sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened beverages were associated with, respectively, 43% and 21% increased risks of developing diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasing burden on the public health system due to the widespread
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