Mental Health

Genome-wide association studies for many neurological disorders have limiting factors that cause the inability to draw significant clinical outcomes. Recently, studies have overcome these limitations for three neurological disorders, including multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s, and Huntington’s disease. A number of genome-wide association studies have provided important information on neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, with over
0 Comments
With increasing awareness of how complex, damaging, and persistent brain injuries can be, researchers have been analyzing and improving the ways we diagnose damage to the brain. New methods of performing CT scans have outperformed previous ways and will be critical in improved treatment and diagnosis of trauma. Terrifying brain injuries seem all too common-
0 Comments
There is a strong genetic basis to human autism spectrum disorders, but it has not been confirmed whether human behavioral disorders relate to insect social behaviors and if the similarities reflect common mechanistic roots. A recent ground-breaking study highlights the genetic link between socially unresponsive bees and human behavioral disorders, bringing new context to autism
0 Comments
Anxiety disorders are prevalent and impairing. A recent article in JAMA summarizes the research so far and lays out the current accepted treatment plan for most anxiety disorders. Everyone worries from time to time, especially when life takes particularly stressful and unexpected turns. But short-term states and long-term traits of anxiety can manifest much more
0 Comments
Hyperhidrosis is a common medical condition characterized by excessive sweating. A recent systematic literature review investigated the efficacy and safety of several common Hyperhidrosis therapies. Hyperhidrosis is a chronic autonomic disorder characterized by excessive sweating that affects approximately 4.8% of the United States population. The condition can significantly reduce the quality of life by negatively
0 Comments
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a well-known problem in children, adolescents and adults, but the long-term effects of stimulants such as Ritalin during childhood when the brain is still developing remain unclear. A recent study showed that levels of ϒ-amino butyric acid (GABA) in the adult prefrontal cortex were decreased in patients who had begun stimulant
0 Comments
Basal levels of steroid hormones dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) are not significantly different in patients with posttraumatic stress disorder compared with non-trauma-exposed subjects. Approximately 10% of individuals exposed to traumatic events develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Symptoms of PTSD include re-experiencing the traumatic event, negative cognitive and mood changes, and hyper-reactivity. To further
0 Comments
Scientists at the Center for Injury Research and Prevention at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia asked the question; “what is the association between attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and car crashes involving young adult drivers, and does this vary by sex, licensing age, and/or being prescribed ADHD medication?” Car crashes are the leading cause of death
0 Comments
PET scanning revealed elevated translocator protein in several regions comprising the neurocircuitry of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), indicating a pathogenic role for microglia in the neuropathogenesis of OCD. Though several Hollywood stars have been diagnosed with OCD, no one is better remembered for suffering from this debilitating condition than Howard Hughes of ‘The Aviator’. Characterized
0 Comments
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is a well-known treatment for tremor related to Parkinson’s disease, but the research surrounding its efficacy with multiple sclerosis tremors remains inconclusive. DBS of two thalamic nuclei was found to significantly decrease tremor severity over the course of 6 months in individuals with multiple sclerosis tremors. Multiple sclerosis
0 Comments
Maternal depression leads to poor quality of life for the entire family, especially in low-income households where effective treatment is a challenge. Problem-solving education was found to be an effective depression prevention method in mothers of the Head Start community, a federally funded early-childhood education program for children and their families. Head Start is a
0 Comments
Therapeutic agents with an especially promising therapeutic profile for life-threatening diseases with limited therapeutic options, can access the market faster through the accelerated approval route. This route allows faster market access for some life-saving medicines, however systematic evaluation of the clinical evidences on agents received accelerated approval is raising a concern and addressed in recent
0 Comments
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is indicated for the treatment of many intractable neurological illnesses such as Parkinson’s diseases, Tourette’s syndrome, and obsessive compulsive disorder. It has also been used in experimental trials for treatment of major depression, stroke recovery, and several other conditions. DBS represents a widely applicable treatment for many neurological diseases but it
0 Comments
Depression and anxiety are often prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these patients do not often seek traditional therapy. A recent study reports that telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved symptoms of depression in COPD patients after an eight-week telephone program. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well-known disease affecting
0 Comments
No two cases of depression are alike, and approximately 20% of depression patients do not respond to any treatment. MRI was used to predict depression treatment outcomes by examining connectivity of the subcallosal cingulate cortex. Depression is an incredibly common mental disorder that affects more than 3 million people in the US each year and
0 Comments
Recent research published in JAMA Psychiatry investigated depressive symptoms prior to dementia diagnoses and found no evidence to suggest that depression and dementia are linked.   A team of researchers at the University College London, in England, conducted a study to investigate the trajectories of depressive symptoms and how they relate to later diagnoses of
0 Comments
Depressive disorders can develop during or after pregnancy, and studies have shown that they increase risk of maternal suicide and complications such as low birthweight and infant malnutrition. A recent study published in the Lancet Psychiatry identified clinical differences in perinatal depressive symptoms based on symptom type, severity, and timing of onset.   According to
0 Comments
The serotonin hypothesis of autism posits that fetal exposure to high levels of serotonin may increase the risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A new study investigated whether children born to mothers using prescription antidepressants that modulate serotonin levels were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Depression is one of the most frequent
0 Comments
Individuals in the 50-64 age category with both diabetes and depression experienced a significant acceleration in memory loss compared to individuals with only one, or neither condition.   Previous research found that having type 2 diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing depression. Conversely, having depression increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Both conditions
0 Comments
A recent study investigating the relationship between diet and depression found that no significant dietary changes occur in senior adults at the onset of depression.   Depression is a medical condition that affects more than 15 million American adults and contributes substantially to the global burden of disease. Despite this, researchers and clinicians have failed
0 Comments