Health, Fitness & Food

A recent study investigated whether a type of natural plant pigment known as anthocyanins can help reduce blood clot formation and therefore have protective effects against cardiovascular diseases. Many people today are changing their attitude towards diet and now believe consuming natural foods like fruits and vegetables which are rich in bioactive constituents could potentially
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Blood cholesterol levels are linked to cardiovascular disease. However, recent studies suggest that it is not LDL cholesterol that mediates cardiovascular risk, but its neighbour apoB instead. Lowering blood levels of low-density (LDL) cholesterol has been linked to reducing cardiovascular risk, including the risk of heart attacks. Statins are a type of drug typically used
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The essential oils found in Curcuma herbs have many uses. Researchers in China determine the composition and therapeutic activity of Curcuma herb essential oils extracted from four Curcuma herb species. Curcuma herbs have been used in Southeast Asia for thousands of years for their claimed antioxidative, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic effects. the chemical composition of
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A new study finds an association between the serum levels of trans-fatty acids and that of the inflammatory markers high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and fibrinogen, suggesting that dietary trans-fatty acids may contribute to inflammation-related disorders such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Trans-unsaturated fatty acids (also known as trans-fatty acids or trans-fats)are unsaturated fatty acids
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A recent study published in BMC Public Health determines whether Australian runners who participate in community-based physical activity are more satisfied with their physical health compared to the general population. Although the benefits of physical activity have been well-established, many people struggle to incorporate exercise into their daily routines. Community-based fitness events encourage not only
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New studies demonstrate that inhibiting the activity of angiopoietin-like 3 (ANGPTL3), a liver protein that regulates lipoprotein metabolism and inhibits lipoprotein lipase (LPL), could help lower the plasma levels of triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol as well as reduce the risk of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease.   It has been
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As the most common type of heart disease and a leading cause of death in the US, coronary artery disease treatment is of significant importance. A recent study compares whether bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) are as safe and effective as drug-eluting stents (DES) for treating coronary artery disease.   Comparing Treatments for Coronary Artery Disease
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Oxidative stress has negative effects in the intestines and one group recently studied whether arginine supplementation can alleviate these effects, using an animal model. The study demonstrates that oxidative stress decreases arginine levels and increases inflammation, whereas the addition of arginine to the diet reverses these outcomes. Free radicals are chemically reactive molecules that are
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Being diagnosed with pregnancy induced hypertension (HTN) may result in the development of post-pregnancy hypertension in the years following the delivery. Hypertension (HTN), or commonly high blood pressure, is a medical condition where there is persistent elevation in the blood pressure in the arteries. If this persists long-term the body may suffer direct damage in
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Myocardial infarction (heart attack) is often treated with beta-blockers in the long-term, but the effectiveness of this medication is not well studied in patients without heart failure. Dondo and colleagues recently showed that there is no benefit to using beta-blockers in patients without heart failure. Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, happens when the heart stops
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A new study has found that dietary protein and fat intake can influence, and indeed enhance the FTO gene-linked risk for obesity in children.   Obesity is a complex trait that is influenced by the interplay of genetic, socioeconomic, cultural, psychological, and lifestyle-related factors. Studies have identified more than 430 genes that are associated with
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Chronic kidney disease is both a cause and consequence of hypertension. In patients with both conditions, accurate evaluation and a tailored treatment program are essential for successful hypertension management. Blood circulates through the body at a certain pressure within the arteries. This pressure changes depending on activity levels– elevating during exercise, to increase the blood
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Childhood obesity in the United States has long been a multifaceted disorder that health professionals have struggled to battle effectively. Strategies that if implemented at an early enough age and applied consistently afterwards can lessen obese children’s current health problems and the multitude that can appear later in adulthood such as cardiovascular disease. An article
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Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing heart disease and diabetes. Previous studies have identified aerobic and resistance exercise as protective factors that potentially reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome. A study on middle-aged healthy adults found that both aerobic and resistance exercises decrease the risk of developing
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