Drugs

Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Researchers recently identified maternal characteristics that are associated with uncomplicated pregnancies and births. Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and at birth compared to non-obese pregnant women including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, and emergency caesarian sections. All obese
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A study published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth aimed to provide evidence that behaviour change interventions can reduce secondhand-smoke exposure in pregnant women. The number of daily smokers has increased with a high prevalence of smoking in men. Exposure to second-hand smoke can result in various health outcomes, such as ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory
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Recently, researchers in Colombia investigated whether dietary habits and parent-reported sleep teeth grinding were positive predictors of tooth wear. Tooth wear is often defined as the decrease or loss of tooth substance. There are three main causes for tooth wear: attrition, abrasion, and erosion. Some research has demonstrated that as children grow older, tooth wear
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Researchers in Switzerland have revealed new findings in BMC Gastroenterology on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and wellbeing in children. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a rare chronic and debilitating illness characterized by cycles of disease activity and remission. IBD is associated with a series of signs and symptoms ranging from bloody diarrhea to symptoms
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Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting more than 11% of people worldwide, causes abdominal pain, bloating, and irregular bowel movements. A recent clinical trial in Norway investigated whether fecal transplants could restore a healthy gut microbiome and relieve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes abdominal pain, bloating, and abnormal frequency and consistency of
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A study published in BMC Research Notes reported results on how First Nations women compared to Caucasian women concerning perceived physical and mental health. First Nations, or Indigenous peoples, are the first inhabitants of what is now known as Canada. They currently make up around 4% of Canada’s population. Several health studies have been conducted
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A study from Denmark examines the relationship between psychiatric disorders in children and a history of homelessness in their parents. Children and adolescents that come from socially disadvantaged backgrounds struggle with health problems compared to those from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Social status and placement are suggested to have the largest effect on a child’s health
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In a recent study, researchers determine whether financial incentives would improve breastfeeding rates in a UK population. Although breastfeeding and its numerous effects on a newborn’s well-being have long been established as being extremely beneficial, financial incentives could have greater effects on improving breastfeeding rates in communities where breastfeeding rates are low. This study, published
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A large trial in the UK compared behavioural activation therapy and self-guided therapy for those with both intellectual disability and depression. Mental health illnesses do not discriminate and are widespread across all populations. Some populations are particularly vulnerable; in fact, among the intellectually disabled, as many as 40% live with a mental health illness. Some
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A recent study examines the relationship between colorectal cancer risk and high blood glucose levels, insulin levels, and insulin resistance in a cohort study. Colorectal cancer, which comprises cancers that originate in the colon or rectum, is one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers around the world. There is a noticeable correlation between colorectal cancer
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A review study conducted in the USA has investigated the occurrence of overdiagnosis of optic neuritis and established its incidence and main causes. Optic neuritis is an acute inflammatory optic disease characterized by demyelination of the optic nerve. Demyelination is the process by which nerves, in this case, the optic nerve, lose their “insulating” coat,
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A recent meta-analysis compares lumbar disc herniation surgery options, ranking them on their rates of success, complication, and reoperation. The vast majority of cases of sciatica are due to the compression of nerves in the lumbar discs of the spine, which is the most common condition leading to spinal surgery. The standard treatment for lumbar
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Metabolic syndrome affects up to one-quarter of adults and increases the risk for more serious conditions like diabetes. Babaei and colleagues sought to determine whether vitamin D supplementation can improve outcomes for patients with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a set of conditions that co-occur and can increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and
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Researchers investigated the effectiveness of using apple juice instead of expensive electrolyte solutions for pediatric gastroenteritis treatment. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the stomach and intestines, typically the result of a bacterial or viral infection. Children with mild gastroenteritis can become dehydrated. Continued vomiting and diarrhea without sufficient fluid replacement can lead to the need for
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Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
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A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
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A recent article published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine surveys physicians to understand their views on the new guidelines for asthma management. Asthma is a widespread, global health problem that impairs the quality of life and workplace productivity for many. There have been advances in asthma treatments, but many patients still cannot effectively manage their disease.
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Researchers from Switzerland will be conducting a first-ever study to assess whether creative music therapy could promote brain function in preterm infants. It’s an age-old question. We’ve all heard of the “Mozart effect”, the idea that playing classical music to babies might make them smarter. The idea was popularized by research from the University of
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