Drugs

Clinicians review the availability and potential misuse of prescription-strength topical steroids in the United States. Topical steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as eczema. They are available in varying potencies. Low potency topical steroids may be available for purchase without a prescription. Topical steroids can cause systemic side effects such
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Researchers find that new CRISPR genome editing modifications increase the precision and safety for treating certain genetic diseases. Since its debut in 2012, CRISPR genome editing has been a transformative tool for researchers to solve complex genetic disorders. CRISPR, which stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, is a genome editor that acts as
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A research group evaluated whether higher e-cigarette nicotine levels contribute to increased frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking and vaping. Last year, a worrisome 11% of American 10th-grade students reported using e-cigarettes (vaping) in the past month. Prior research has proven that teens who vape are at a higher risk of starting and consequently progressing
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Researchers from Purdue University have demonstrated how deep learning technology can analyze patterns in the visual cortex to “read” what a person sees. Researchers from Purdue University have developed a method using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computer algorithms to map the neural networks of the visual cortex and to build a model of
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Researchers investigated whether mepolizumab is safer and more effective than triple-inhaled treatments for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of developing new targeted treatments such as mepolizumab is to improve health-related quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung condition which is characterized by increasing breathlessness,
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A large US study looked at whether women who develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy are at a higher risk of cardiovascular disease later in life. During pregnancy, some women develop problems controlling their blood glucose. This is known as gestational diabetes. Although the condition is not fully understood, it is known that in pregnant women
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A recent review paper outlines the many risk factors for asthma including those that are psychological, social, and lifestyle-related. The most common chronic illness that affects children in the United States is asthma. Approximately 14.5% of children have this disease and it adversely affects their physical and psychosocial health. Many environmental, psychological, and social factors
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Researchers recently investigated whether there are racial differences found in the quality of end-of-life care in hospitals, hospices, or at home. Studies conducted in the United States assessing end-of-life care have shown that there may be differences in quality of care between races in the various areas of end-of-life care, including symptom management, communication, and
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A new study investigates the effectiveness of measuring procalcitonin levels to gauge the efficacy of antibiotics in treating acute respiratory infections. Procalcitonin is the precursor of the peptide hormone calcitonin. Calcitonin is produced as procalcitonin primarily by the thyroid gland and reduces the levels of calcium in the blood by inhibiting the activity of osteoclasts,
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In a recent Australian study, researchers sought to understand the experiences and perspectives of women managing pregnancy weight. Women who are obese during pregnancy can have challenges with their health and the baby’s health can also be affected. Pregnant women with a high body mass index (BMI) are at an elevated risk of complications including
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In a recent study, scientists investigate the use of MDMA in conjunction with psychotherapy as an aid in treating and alleviating PTSD symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by the re-experiencing of psychological and physiological distress related to past traumatic events. Individuals with PTSD may undergo profound personality changes linked to past traumatic experiences.
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Healthcare professionals have acknowledged that children are at risk of radiation overexposure during CT scans and are developing strategies to minimize this risk. Bumps and bruises are common childhood injuries from which children quickly recover. Unfortunately, some childhood injuries are much more serious and require hospitalization. An article recently published on the American website DOTmed
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In a recent study, researchers investigate the link between exercise and depression by determining whether exercise lower the risk of depression. Depression and the costs associated with it is steadily rising as a top public health concern across developed and developing nations. There is a great need for preventative and continuing care for this mental
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The impact of swimming in chlorinated water on childhood asthma is controversial. Researchers determine whether the controversy is due to citation bias in the current scientific literature. Childhood asthma is a common chronic disease. Swimming is an accepted way to relieve symptoms, which include shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. However, a study challenging this
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In 2017, three different pharmaceutical companies have found that a protein responsible for cancer-induced anorexia may benefit people suffering from obesity. Currently, there are many people suffering from obesity worldwide. However, attempts to lose weight are unsuccessful for some people despite engaging in diets and strenuous physical activities. A recent news article published in Science
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Photoaging is the early aging of the skin as a result of prolonged UV-exposure. In a recent study, researchers investigate the effects of fluorouracil 5% cream on photoaging. Photoaging presents with signs such as liver spots, wrinkles, spider veins, loss of elasticity, and hyperpigmentation. This premature aging of the skin is the result of long-term
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A review determines whether resveratrol reduces fasting glucose and insulin levels and improves insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes. Resveratrol, a polyphenol found in the skins of red grapes, is a potent antioxidant that is being touted for its anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-aging, and cardioprotective effects. Some studies have shown that resveratrol intake improves
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Many women elect for immediate breast reconstruction after a mastectomy. Researchers investigate the timing of this surgery to ensure the least amount of complications for the patient. The rate of women choosing to have a mastectomy has steadily increased over the past few years. As an option to surgically remove the entire breast, mastectomies have
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Plastic surgery procedures for neck rejuvenation pose risks to the patient. Doctors examine a new alternative called percutaneous radiofrequency ablation. The formation of horizontal lines and wrinkles and the loss of definition of the jaw lines are a result of the process of aging and age-related laxity over the platysmal bands, which are muscles of
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Nicholas Waglechner and Gerard D. Wright investigate the ancient origins and current state of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in a recently published review in BMC Biology. The inappropriate and widespread use of antibiotics has led to the development of antibiotic-resistant pathogens, capable of causing death and disease. For example, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a
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A recent study examines hospital readmission risks to determine if they are affected by patient demographics or hospital quality. Hospital readmission risks are high for certain diseases and can vary greatly from hospital to hospital. The causes for the readmissions can either be due to various patient factors or due to the events at the
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