Children

A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns. Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity and
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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The development of oral language skills is a central measure of child development in elementary school, and failure to develop these skills may create life-long difficulties for children. In a recent study, researchers identified within-child biological, familial, and social factors associated with oral language skills at age 11 based on children’s levels of language development.
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Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations.   Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus,
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A team from the UK used data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to apply an alternative approach to the study of child language development. Quantile Analysis revealed that the association between factors such as poverty, early reading and TV and the outcome of language development is not equal across the population.   Language development
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution.   Childhood and adolescence are crucial
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Subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy have been hypothesized to be associated with cognitive function in offspring. However, recently researchers found that treatment with levothyroxine is not associated with greater IQ in children of mothers who have thyroid disease during pregnancy.   The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck right
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Researchers from the UK investigated the effects of exclusive, long-term breastfeeding on obesity and blood pressure of offspring in adolescence and found that breastfeeding in infancy did not lower the risk of obesity or high blood pressure.   Childhood obesity is a rising phenomenon worldwide. Obese children often become obese adults and may be affected
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