Children

A recent study determined whether there is a relationship between childhood obesity and risk of stroke in adulthood. Childhood obesity is a rising health concern that has reached epidemic proportions throughout the world. Obese children have a high risk of developing health problems as adults. One of the major health concerns related to childhood obesity
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Iron-deficiency anemia affects millions of people around the world. Although iron-deficiency anemia is usually easily treated, it may cause impaired neurodevelopment in young children if left untreated. American researchers, therefore, determined whether ferrous sulfate can effectively resolve iron-deficiency anemia in children. Iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) occurs when the body’s iron stores become diminished. This leads to
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A new study set out to determine whether a combination of MRIs and other assessments may be able to improve early and accurate diagnosis, as well as early treatment, of cerebral palsy in babies. Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term to describe disorders that affect muscle tone, coordination, movement, balance, and posture.  CP is
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A new study tested whether providing parents with height monitoring information improved their child’s height and other developmental outcomes. Monitoring growth is an important means to identify whether a child is growing and developing normally. Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries. When a
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Researchers determine whether two childhood obesity interventions and links to community resources resulted in improved family-centered outcomes for childhood obesity. A recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics looked at the effectiveness of two childhood obesity interventions and links to community sources and whether they help improve weight management. The 2-arm, blinded, randomized clinical trial was
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A recent review of clinical data supported the findings that norovirus gastroenteritis is associated with seizures in children under the age of five. Also studied were the clinical characteristics of patients in the group and the differences between those with and without fever symptoms. Gastroenteritis, more commonly known as the stomach flu, is an inflammation
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Attitudes toward breastfeeding have a chequered past despite the many positive health benefits it provides and its association with children’s cognitive development. Currently, the UK has one of the lowest rates of breastfeeding in the world, mainly due to social attitudes. Although policies promoting breastfeeding have been introduced in the UK, it appears that greater
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A study published recently in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated whether a higher consumption of milk alternatives as opposed to cow milk will result in lower heights during childhood. A wealth of research evidence exists supporting the idea that height is a crucial measure of a child’s development and nutritional status. Relatedly, consuming
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A recently published review in JAMA Pediatrics considers historical reasons and present implications of testing for respiratory tract infections in children. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in children are a major cost and burden to the healthcare system. These respiratory tract infections, like bronchiolitis, the common cold, and seasonal influenza, affect physician and nursing time, emergency
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When extremely preterm infants are born, they often experience problems breathing on their own and require assisted ventilation. However, despite less invasive ventilation methods now being used a recent study has found that there was no significant improvement in the newborn’s long-term lung function. Substantial changes in assisted ventilation have been seen over the last
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A novel study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition investigated the plausible relationships between infant feeding methods (breastfeeding and formula feeding), patterns of growth, and future obesity risk from 0-7 months of age. Prior research studies have established that a high body mass index (BMI) and increased rate of weight gain during infancy
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A new study validates the use of minimally invasive autopsies (MIAs) to accurately determine the cause of death in stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Since MIAs are less invasive, simpler, and more feasible, they could be an excellent tool to guide the development of preventative strategies to improve child survival in low-income, high-burden communities. Each year,
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns. Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity and
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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The development of oral language skills is a central measure of child development in elementary school, and failure to develop these skills may create life-long difficulties for children. In a recent study, researchers identified within-child biological, familial, and social factors associated with oral language skills at age 11 based on children’s levels of language development.
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Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations.   Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus,
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