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Researchers determine whether two childhood obesity interventions and links to community resources resulted in improved family-centered outcomes for childhood obesity. A recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics looked at the effectiveness of two childhood obesity interventions and links to community sources and whether they help improve weight management. The 2-arm, blinded, randomized clinical trial was
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The relationship between memory and time has been studied extensively but is still poorly understood. A new study assessed memory and time deficits in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients in their home environments. It is widely accepted that as time passes, the ability to recall events and specific information declines. Episodic memory is the type of
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Transcutaneous occipital nerve stimulation (tONS) may offer a promising migraine prevention alternative for migraine sufferers who do not respond well to preventative drug treatments.   Migraine is a common and debilitating condition.It typically causes a severe pulsating headache on one side of the head which can last from a few hours to several days. A
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A recent study investigates whether consumers are subjected to frequent exposure to fragrance contact allergens through cosmetic products and if these products are infrequently labelled with the allergens most commonly involved in contact allergies. Fragrance chemicals are primary contributors to the incidence of contact allergies in European adults, with 120 types inducing skin sensitization. Twenty-six
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A recent review of clinical data supported the findings that norovirus gastroenteritis is associated with seizures in children under the age of five. Also studied were the clinical characteristics of patients in the group and the differences between those with and without fever symptoms. Gastroenteritis, more commonly known as the stomach flu, is an inflammation
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A recent study determines whether the prevalence of neuropathic pain in women following breast cancer treatment is higher compared with those in other cancer types. Neuropathic pain is pain that is caused by damaged or dysfunctional nerve cells, which results in pain signals being sent to the brain. It is associated with a host of
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A recent study investigated gait characteristics in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN). Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is characterized by the excessive production of immature lymphocytes which are incapable of fighting infections. Although recent advances in chemotherapeutics have increased survival rates to almost 90%, these drugs are often accompanied
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Researchers determine whether oral corticosteroids, such as prednisolone,  reduce symptom duration or severity for acute lower respiratory tract infection in non-asthmatic adults. Acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI), defined as an acute cough with at least one of the symptoms of sputum, chest pain, shortness of breath, and wheezing is one of the most common
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Behavioural intervention can help decrease psychological distress among women with a history of gender-based violence. A clinical trial determines the effectiveness of a community-taught behavioral treatment on psychological distress. Gender-based violence toward women has been linked to increased mental stress and psychological morbidity in low and middle-income countries worldwide, specifically in urban Kenya. The treatment
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Antibiotic resistance is a major problem in healthcare. It is important to develop the most effective antibiotic prescription strategy. A recent study investigated the effectiveness of antibiotics in patients with acute uncomplicated respiratory tract infections. Acute respiratory tract infections are one of the most common complications managed by primary care physicians. These patients most commonly
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A recent clinical study investigated the effect of improvisational music therapy for autism on social communication skills in children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a spectrum of symptoms and levels of disability. Children with ASD have difficulties communicating and interacting with others and they often display repetitive
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  Olaparib (Lynparza) is a treatment for advanced ovarian cancer in patients carrying inherited mutations in the BRCA gene. A study compares olaparib with standard drugs for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in patients with inherited BRCA mutation. Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2, the tumor suppressor genes that code for proteins involved in DNA
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  Comparing the effectiveness of an immunotherapy inhibitor, nivolumab, with platinum-based chemotherapy may help oncologists determine which drug is most beneficial as a first line treatment for patients with advanced or recurrent non-small-cell lung cancer. As its name suggests, platinum-based chemotherapy contains complexes of the metal platinum, which can bring along an entourage of symptoms.
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The essential oils found in Curcuma herbs have many uses. Researchers in China determine the composition and therapeutic activity of Curcuma herb essential oils extracted from four Curcuma herb species. Curcuma herbs have been used in Southeast Asia for thousands of years for their claimed antioxidative, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and cytotoxic effects. the chemical composition of
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Given that the vast majority of opiate-dependent individuals relapse soon after detoxification, a recent study investigated whether the use of medications could assist in reducing the severity of opiate withdrawal. With over 11 million heroin users worldwide, the global health burden of opiate-dependent individuals remains high. Opiates are a class of drugs (including illicit drugs
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A recent analysis of geriatric patients hospitalized through emergency departments shows that proper geriatric assessments of older patients may reduce admission rates. A recent article published in Age and Ageing by the Oxford University Press reviewed the evidence behind performing comprehensive geriatric assessments (CGA) for more elderly patients that present at the emergency department. The
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Statistics show that in 2015, the number of practicing doctors above the age of 65 was 23% of all health professionals. This percentage has increased by more than 374% since the year 1975. More than ever, we are left to wonder: what is the appropriate physician retirement age? There is concern regarding the ability of
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In a recent study, researchers sought to identify proteins important for the anti-neural plasticity effects of histone deacetylase 2 (Hdac2) in Alzheimer’s disease. How Cells Control Gene Activity  Acetylation is one method by which cells control gene activity by the addition or removal of acetyl groups. Acetylation is performed by enzymes called acetyltransferases on histone
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Vasodilatory shock resistant to traditional treatment with vasopressors is associated with a high mortality rate A recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine sets out to investigate the effects of angiotensin II as a treatment. Shock can be a fatal syndrome as a result of decreased perfusion of vital organs which leads
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