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A clinical study of adult patients with an asthma diagnosis suggests that follow-up reassessment may be warranted. A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated whether asthma can be ruled out and medications can safely be stopped in some adult patients.According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI),
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls.   Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia,
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets.   Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other
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In a 2017 study, researchers investigated the use of antivirals in children hospitalized for influenza. Rates of prescription of anti-influenza medication in children were found to be below recommended levels and varied significantly between hospitals.   The recommended treatment for children hospitalized due to infection with influenza viruses, especially children with conditions which may increase
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A consultation paper proposing a risk-based approach to regulation of “self-care” products represents significant change in how cosmetics, natural health products and non-prescription drugs are regulated in Canada.   Health Canada is responsible for regulation of both prescription and non-prescription (or “self-care”) products sold in Canada.  Self-care products cover three categories of goods: Cosmetics, which
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In a recent study published in The Lancet, researchers examine the long-term effectiveness of the Preschool Autism Communication Trial (PACT). They determined that there are long-term benefits of early communication interventions for children with autism.   Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by challenges in communication, social and behavioural difficulties, and repeating behaviours.
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Large scale nuclear disasters, such as in Fukushima and Chernobyl, have raised public concern over nuclear power and radiation exposure through medical procedures. However, most people are unaware that many household items and foods emit potentially dangerous radiation.   Public concern over radiation exposure has been heightened due to nuclear reactor accidents such as those
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A comprehensive review of scientific literature suggests a possible link between early introduction of allergenic foods and reduced likelihood of some allergies, although the evidence is not conclusive.   Both popular and scientific literature have discussed the relationship between early introduction of certain foods to infant diets and the subsequent development of allergies or autoimmune
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80% of patients who believed that they were allergic to penicillin received more effective therapy after penicillin skin allergy testing.   Penicillin is a common antibiotic that is used to treat infections caused by bacteria. Up to 15% of patients admitted to hospitals report that they have an alleged allergy to penicillin. While penicillin allergies
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A recently published study sought to determine which of two flu vaccines would provide better community protection when administered in children.   Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by the influenza virus. The elderly, pregnant women, people with health conditions, and children are among those who are more likely to
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The number of nasal allergies is increasing over time, however, asthma symptoms among adults tend to remain stable.   Although past research investigating the prevalence of asthma and allergies among adult populations is relatively scant, information that does exist tends to suggest two trends: first, that asthma symptoms tend to remain stable over time, and
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A recent study showed that influenza vaccine reduces stroke and heart failure-related complications in adult diabetic patients, a high-risk group for influenza-related complications. This study further justifies the strong recommendation for influenza vaccination in older adults with chronic illnesses.   There is a lack of good clinical studies that measure the effectiveness of influenza vaccination
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Tamiflu is the current standard treatment for patients with influenza. A recent study has presented results demonstrating that treatment with Tamiflu reduces the time to relief of flu symptoms, however, increases the occurrence of nausea and vomiting. Tamiflu (Oseltamivir) is a neuraminidase inhibitor that blocks the activity of influenza virus enzymes. During the 2009 influenza
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