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In a recent study, scientists investigate the use of MDMA in conjunction with psychotherapy as an aid in treating and alleviating PTSD symptoms. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by the re-experiencing of psychological and physiological distress related to past traumatic events. Individuals with PTSD may undergo profound personality changes linked to past traumatic experiences.
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A recent study investigated whether levels of brain atrophy in different subtypes of Alzheimer’s disease could be associated with different levels of education. Symptoms of brain atrophy, the shrinking of the brain which is caused by the loss of neurons, includes significant impairment to cognitive functions which can lead to Alzheimer’s disease dementia. Research has
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A recent systematic review investigated the potential connection between sleep-disordered breathing and cognitive decline and dementia in the elderly. Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) such as sleep apnea (a common disorder where you intermittently stop breathing for many seconds to minutes) and snoring, has been increasingly linked to health problems such as diabetes, heart disease, and high
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Asthma is a complex chronic disease with environmental and genetic factors influencing prevalence. A recent study examined epigenetic data from children to determine the importance of epigenetics in childhood asthma. Asthma is a chronic disease that causes inflammation and swelling of the airways which can lead to wheezing and shortness of breath. In 2009, it
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A study evaluating the risks and benefits of 3D mammogram screening aims to help physicians select the appropriate screening method for their patients. Breast cancer screening through mammography has allowed physicians to detect and track tumours before they become life-threatening, thus saving many lives. The type of screening used in practice will depend on how
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In a study published American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, researchers determine if there is a possible association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and type 2 diabetes. Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) is a metabolite synthesized in the liver by trimethylamine, which is generated from our natural gut bacteria. The precursor for TMAO is dietary trimethylamine-containing compounds, including phosphatidylcholine, choline, and
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In a national study, UK researchers investigated how prostate cancer patient choice, mobility, and hospital competition policies, impact hospital policies. Several countries including those in the United Kingdom have implemented policies which enable patients to choose a specific healthcare centre in a bid to improve the efficiency in the delivery of healthcare services. The result
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An upcoming trial will implement a weight loss program for couples to investigate how individuals affect their partner’s weight loss. Weight loss studies up to date have focused on the individuals within a couple, but couples as a whole engage in the same dietary and physical activity habits and thus share a similar obesity risk.
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Healthcare professionals have acknowledged that children are at risk of radiation overexposure during CT scans and are developing strategies to minimize this risk. Bumps and bruises are common childhood injuries from which children quickly recover. Unfortunately, some childhood injuries are much more serious and require hospitalization. An article recently published on the American website DOTmed
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In a recent study, researchers investigate the link between exercise and depression by determining whether exercise lower the risk of depression. Depression and the costs associated with it is steadily rising as a top public health concern across developed and developing nations. There is a great need for preventative and continuing care for this mental
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A study investigated heart disease treatment strategies to determine the most effective strategy for reducing the risk of secondary heart problems. Aspirin, commonly prescribed as a heart disease treatment, has been shown to reduce the risk of recurrent cardiovascular events such as coronary artery disease, stroke, and arrhythmias. Aspirin may also reduce the risk of
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In a recent study, researchers investigated whether there is a link between children’s antibiotics and the rise of autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and celiac disease. The continued rise of autoimmune diseases (conditions in which the immune system attacks the body’s own cells) is believed to be caused in part by the increasing
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Researchers in the Netherlands analysed whether parenting styles are associated with physical activity and sedentary screen time in Dutch children. It is not a secret that daily physical activity is a vital part of a healthy lifestyle. Physical activity helps in weight maintenance and is positively associated with good mental health. Lack of physical activity
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A recent study in determines the effects of iron supplements during infancy on systolic blood pressure in children born with low birth weight. Hypertension is one of the most important and, luckily, preventable and curable causes of cardiovascular diseases. Studies have shown that high systolic blood pressure by the age of 30 can increase the
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Colon cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide. A group of researchers determine the link between antioxidants and digestive cancer risk. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer observed in both genders worldwide.  Previous studies have proposed that antioxidants reduce the risk of development of different malignancies. However, there have only been few
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The impact of swimming in chlorinated water on childhood asthma is controversial. Researchers determine whether the controversy is due to citation bias in the current scientific literature. Childhood asthma is a common chronic disease. Swimming is an accepted way to relieve symptoms, which include shortness of breath, wheezing, and coughing. However, a study challenging this
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A recent randomized clinical trial detemines whether early education during depression treatment results in a better adherence to medication prescriptions. Non-adherence to anti-depressant medication is a major concern for depression treatment. In fact, between  29% and 40% of depressed adults over 55 years do not take their anti-depressant medications as prescribed.  This non-adherence is influenced
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Researchers determine whether a new, rapid blood test for heart attack diagnosis could rule out heart attacks faster than current methods, to improve decision making and treatment. Millions of people report to hospital emergency departments every year with chest pain. Not all of these people have suffered a heart attack or myocardial infarction. In fact,
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An article published in the Gynecologic Oncology Research and Practice reviews the current medications available for treatment of ovarian cancer. Epithelial ovarian cancer is commonly diagnosed in its advanced stages. Although current management for ovarian cancer is effective in inducing a complete remission, a large proportion of patients eventually experience recurrence. In an article recently
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In 2017, three different pharmaceutical companies have found that a protein responsible for cancer-induced anorexia may benefit people suffering from obesity. Currently, there are many people suffering from obesity worldwide. However, attempts to lose weight are unsuccessful for some people despite engaging in diets and strenuous physical activities. A recent news article published in Science
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Photoaging is the early aging of the skin as a result of prolonged UV-exposure. In a recent study, researchers investigate the effects of fluorouracil 5% cream on photoaging. Photoaging presents with signs such as liver spots, wrinkles, spider veins, loss of elasticity, and hyperpigmentation. This premature aging of the skin is the result of long-term
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