Month: January 2018

Researchers piloted a study to investigate the potential of using virtual reality (VR) training systems in stroke rehabilitation. Following a stroke, survivors are often left with physical and mental disabilities. Nine out of ten stroke survivors are left with some degree of upper limb motor impairment, thus making it the most prevalent post-stroke disability suffered.
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Metabolic syndrome affects up to one-quarter of adults and increases the risk for more serious conditions like diabetes. Babaei and colleagues sought to determine whether vitamin D supplementation can improve outcomes for patients with metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a set of conditions that co-occur and can increase the risk of diabetes, heart disease, and
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In a recent study, researchers in Brazil examined the safety and effectiveness of an intragastric balloon in severely obese female adolescents. The prevalence of childhood obesity is growing worldwide. Often, lifestyle changes during this stage of life are not long-lasting, and most of the weight lost is regained within the first five years. The safe,
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In a recent multinational clinical trial, researchers evaluated the effectiveness of two fremanezumab regimens for chronic migraine prevention. The transmission of pain signals during migraines is thought to be carried out in part by the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) from one nerve and reception by the next. Early trials have shown that fremanezumab,
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Researchers investigated the effectiveness of using apple juice instead of expensive electrolyte solutions for pediatric gastroenteritis treatment. Gastroenteritis is inflammation of the stomach and intestines, typically the result of a bacterial or viral infection. Children with mild gastroenteritis can become dehydrated. Continued vomiting and diarrhea without sufficient fluid replacement can lead to the need for
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A web-based survey aims to identify the factors associated with reluctance in pursuing professional psychiatric help for depression. Depressive disorders are a growing public health concern. While strides have been made in diagnosing and treating these illnesses, getting those afflicted the initial treatment needed remains a challenge. In order to identify the triggers that lead
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Researchers investigated whether there is an association between sleep timing and diet and physical activity levels in children between 9 and 11 years old. It is well-known that getting a good night’s sleep is important for health. Previous studies have shown that getting fewer hours sleep is associated with excess body weight and poor diet
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Researchers examine the risk factors and preventative actions related to schizophrenia from the first signs of psychosis to full diagnosis. Schizophrenia is a serious mental health condition. Marked by symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or disorganized speech or behaviour, schizophrenia can severely impact an individual’s ability to function in society and lead a fulfilling life.
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A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of using a subcutaneous injection to prevent postherpetic neuralgia, a common complication of shingles. Chickenpox is a common childhood infection caused by the herpes zoster virus. However, once the rash caused by the virus has cleared up, the virus can lay dormant for years. Later in life, or due
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A recent study examined the effect of yogurt consumption on biomarkers of chronic inflammation in normal weight and obese individuals. Obesity remains a growing public health concern and is associated with some chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and certain cancers. Previous studies have determined that the gut bacteria in obese individuals are different
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Researchers reviewed data from twenty prospective studies to analyze the relationship between omega-6 fatty acids and type 2 diabetes. Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are found in nuts, seeds, and edible oils (such as most vegetable oils). They play an important role in growth and development. Certain clinical guidelines, such as the American Heart Association
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A recently published systematic review and meta-analysis assesses the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Vitamin D is a regulator of calcium levels in the body. A deficiency in vitamin D levels correlates with many skeletal conditions and has been identified as a cause of conditions such
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A recent study investigates whether google trends and search queries can be used to track disease and guide future prevention and support programs. Internet search engines, like Google, are great tools that provide quick and easy access to health-related information, regarding disease symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Cancer-related queries are some of the most common health-related
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Researchers examined the role of the social environment, neurocognitive development, and brain plasticity in some adolescents’ natural resilience to substance use disorders. Adolescent Drug Use Abusing drugs such as tobacco, alcohol, and illegal prescription drugs are most likely to begin during adolescence. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, by the time teenagers are
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Researchers followed prostate cancer patients to observe differences in mortality between patients who underwent prostatectomy and those on observation. Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in men. It is, however, a malignancy that progresses slower than other cancers. There has been a recent trend of a gradual increase in the incidence
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The results of a recent field trial show that new genetically modified bananas can successfully resist a fungus that has devastated banana crops worldwide. The Cavendish variety of bananas represents more than 40% of the world’s banana harvest. It was adopted for cultivation on a large scale in the 1950s in response to the devastation
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A recent article published in BMC Pulmonary Medicine surveys physicians to understand their views on the new guidelines for asthma management. Asthma is a widespread, global health problem that impairs the quality of life and workplace productivity for many. There have been advances in asthma treatments, but many patients still cannot effectively manage their disease.
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A team of Norwegian nutritionists compared native and regular whey proteins to determine which supplement is most effective at building muscle. As any bodybuilder would tell you, protein intake is essential for stimulating muscle growth after exercise. Protein powders such as whey or soy are particularly popular amongst muscle builders to boost their protein intake.
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Having a good sleep schedule is vital for human health. A recent study published in Chronobiology International has investigated the effects of bright-light exposure during daytime sleeping following a night shift. Shift work has become a crucial component of our modern-day work system. However, shift work can negatively impact an individual’s sleep schedule. Past research
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A recent study investigated whether high or moderate protein intake would affect recovery and performance during strength training. There are three macronutrients that make up the total calories found in all the food we consume: proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. For active individuals, particularly those training for strength or muscle building, protein has been identified as
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A recent study examines whether people living with a severe mental illness who are physically active have higher levels of flexibility, balance, and aerobic condition. People with severe mental illness may be persons who could benefit greatly from having physical activities included in their daily activities. Gaining physical fitness could be a crucial element that
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A new review highlights different methods of food spoilage and the current strategies utilized around the globe for food preservation and processing. Food preservation, which is defined as processes and techniques used to prevent food spoilage, allows for an increased food shelf life while retaining the food’s original nutritional value, color, texture, and flavor. Conventional
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