Month: December 2017

Researchers recently investigated the long-term effectiveness of diabetes prevention approaches on the incidence of diabetes-related mortality and morbidity. Currently, diabetes affects over 415 million adults worldwide and this is expected to increase to as many as 642 million adults by the year 2040. Since diabetes treatment cost the US healthcare system over $245 billion in
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Clinicians review the availability and potential misuse of prescription-strength topical steroids in the United States. Topical steroids are used to treat inflammatory conditions of the skin, such as eczema. They are available in varying potencies. Low potency topical steroids may be available for purchase without a prescription. Topical steroids can cause systemic side effects such
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A study investigates the potential relationship between whole-grain and fruit and vegetable food groups with healthy kidney function. Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a global public health problem that is typically associated with high blood pressure and diabetes. CKD can lead to cardiovascular disease and consequently result in death. Consumption of whole grains, fruits, and
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Diabetes is a common metabolic disorder. Researchers recently examined if diabetes is also associated with higher cancer incidence. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is estimated to affect 7% of Canadians (approximately 2.1 million) according to Statistics Canada. Diabetics suffer from uncontrolled blood glucose levels due to complications releasing insulin, a blood glucose regulating hormone.
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Researchers recently looked at whether using iodine supplements during pregnancy could benefit the offspring’s neurocognitive development. Iodine is a vital component of thyroid hormones, which are essential for many aspects of fetal growth and development. Its role in fetal brain development is particularly important, with some studies implying that maternal iodine deficiency may be associated
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A recent study assessed the association between chronic conditions, physical multi-morbidity, and sedentary behaviour among adults in six countries. Sedentary behaviour is associated with a wide range of deleterious outcomes such as diabetes, stroke, and premature mortality, irrespective of a person’s physical activity levels. There have been no studies that are nationally representative, multi-national, or
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Current guidelines in the United States recommend cervical screening until 65 years. Researchers investigate the effectiveness of screening in older women. The high rate of cervical cancer in older women continues to be a concern for countries that have long-established cervical screening practices. By these measures, countries have seen a significant reduction in cervical cancer
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A randomized trial investigated the effects of brain surgery on the risk of recurrent seizures in children with drug-resistant epilepsy. Drug-resistant epilepsy carries significant health burdens. In addition to the risk of recurrent seizures, young people with this condition are at a higher risk of poor intellectual and psychosocial development. A common treatment for this
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Researchers find that new CRISPR genome editing modifications increase the precision and safety for treating certain genetic diseases. Since its debut in 2012, CRISPR genome editing has been a transformative tool for researchers to solve complex genetic disorders. CRISPR, which stands for Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, is a genome editor that acts as
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A recent study investigated whether there is a link between consuming high glycemic foods and the accumulation of amyloid-β plaques in older adults. More than one in eight Americans aged over 65 years is affected by Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia. The hallmark characteristic of Alzheimer’s disease is the formation and accumulation
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An article published in the British Medical Journal discusses a study on the long-term use of statins for patients with high cholesterol. A recent study explored the long-term use of statins in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. LDL cholesterol transports fat to cells, where they can build up and cause atherosclerosis.
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A research group evaluated whether higher e-cigarette nicotine levels contribute to increased frequency and intensity of cigarette smoking and vaping. Last year, a worrisome 11% of American 10th-grade students reported using e-cigarettes (vaping) in the past month. Prior research has proven that teens who vape are at a higher risk of starting and consequently progressing
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In a recently published review, researchers summarize the effects of paternal obesity on male fertility — specifically sperm quality and progeny health. Obesity, defined as the excessive accumulation of adipose tissue, is a well-established risk factor for many pathologies, including hypertension, kidney and cardiovascular disease, and type II diabetes. Recent studies have shown that obesity
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Researchers from Purdue University have demonstrated how deep learning technology can analyze patterns in the visual cortex to “read” what a person sees. Researchers from Purdue University have developed a method using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and computer algorithms to map the neural networks of the visual cortex and to build a model of
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A clinical trial involving patients with heart diseases has revealed new dimensions of the role of anti-inflammatory medications in preventing heart attacks. Like many diseases, it’s been proven that inflammation can be an underlying predisposing factor for cardiovascular diseases including heart attacks and strokes. Investigations about the role of inflammatory pathways in developing cardiovascular disease
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In a recent systematic review published in BMC Cancer, researchers summarize previous data on the effects of exercise on cancer fatigue. Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) affects many cancer patients who either are undergoing or have undergone treatment. This condition occurs when patients are physically, mentally, or emotionally tired due to cancer therapies. Cancer fatigue can have
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Researchers investigated whether mepolizumab is safer and more effective than triple-inhaled treatments for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of developing new targeted treatments such as mepolizumab is to improve health-related quality of life for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung condition which is characterized by increasing breathlessness,
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Researchers from Duke University look to see how financial incentives for improved glucose monitoring might keep teens from developing complications caused by type 1 diabetes. The transition from adolescence to adulthood can be a rough time for most people, but for kids with type 1 diabetes, it’s more than just dealing with teen angst. Type
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Researchers propose a modified guideline for type 2 diabetes treatment by evaluating patients’ cardiovascular risks when choosing anti-diabetic medications. Previous studies have shown that those with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease despite the use of cholesterol-lowering agents. Because of this, Valentina Rodriguez from the Division of Endocrinology at the New York
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Using data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, researchers examine the relationship between children’s exercise and perceived neighborhood safety. The risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which include diabetes, obesity, and high blood pressure, are becoming more prevalent among youth. As a result, intervention efforts are beginning to target physical activity among youth as a way
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