Month: October 2017

Scientists study the brains of young adults with ADHD to determine whether there are significant differences in the ADHD brain that can predict a diagnosis and help in the understanding of symptoms. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder in which symptoms frequently persist into adulthood.  It is characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. 
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This past August 2017 the US Food and Drug Administration made what many are calling a ‘historic action’ with the decision to approve the first gene therapy for leukemia in the US. Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells. There are many different types of leukemia based on the type of blood cell affected
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Blood cholesterol levels are linked to cardiovascular disease. However, recent studies suggest that it is not LDL cholesterol that mediates cardiovascular risk, but its neighbour apoB instead. Lowering blood levels of low-density (LDL) cholesterol has been linked to reducing cardiovascular risk, including the risk of heart attacks. Statins are a type of drug typically used
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  In a recent study published in JAMA Psychiatry, researchers determine if there is a relationship between psychotic experiences (PEs) and increased risks of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). There have been several studies published about the association of psychotic experiences and risk for suicidal thoughts and behavior.  A psychotic experience or episode is when
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With millions of cancer-related ER visits per year, and cancer rates anticipated to double by 2040, healthcare facilities will need to thoughtfully prepare to maintain operational standards. Emergency departments are notoriously overburdened, resulting in huge inefficiencies. Most people have a personal story of waiting for hours at “emergency” clinics overwhelmed with people requiring immediate care.
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Researchers determine whether there is a higher risk of weight gain depending on a woman’s BMI and if weight gain between pregnancies is an independent factor from gestational diabetes. Being overweight during pregnancy is a risk factor for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), however, the underlying reason behind this is unclear. GDM refers to any degree
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A new study set out to determine whether a combination of MRIs and other assessments may be able to improve early and accurate diagnosis, as well as early treatment, of cerebral palsy in babies. Cerebral palsy (CP) is an umbrella term to describe disorders that affect muscle tone, coordination, movement, balance, and posture.  CP is
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A new study tested whether providing parents with height monitoring information improved their child’s height and other developmental outcomes. Monitoring growth is an important means to identify whether a child is growing and developing normally. Despite the continued high prevalence of faltering growth, height monitoring remains limited in many low- and middle-income countries. When a
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A recently published study set out to discover whether an immune signature can be used to provide a reliable prognosis for patients with early-stage lung cancer. Of all lung cancer cases, 85% are attributable to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Many patients with early-stage lung cancer do not
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Researchers determine whether two childhood obesity interventions and links to community resources resulted in improved family-centered outcomes for childhood obesity. A recent study published in JAMA Pediatrics looked at the effectiveness of two childhood obesity interventions and links to community sources and whether they help improve weight management. The 2-arm, blinded, randomized clinical trial was
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The relationship between memory and time has been studied extensively but is still poorly understood. A new study assessed memory and time deficits in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) patients in their home environments. It is widely accepted that as time passes, the ability to recall events and specific information declines. Episodic memory is the type of
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Transcutaneous occipital nerve stimulation (tONS) may offer a promising migraine prevention alternative for migraine sufferers who do not respond well to preventative drug treatments.   Migraine is a common and debilitating condition.It typically causes a severe pulsating headache on one side of the head which can last from a few hours to several days. A
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A recent study investigates whether consumers are subjected to frequent exposure to fragrance contact allergens through cosmetic products and if these products are infrequently labelled with the allergens most commonly involved in contact allergies. Fragrance chemicals are primary contributors to the incidence of contact allergies in European adults, with 120 types inducing skin sensitization. Twenty-six
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A recent review of clinical data supported the findings that norovirus gastroenteritis is associated with seizures in children under the age of five. Also studied were the clinical characteristics of patients in the group and the differences between those with and without fever symptoms. Gastroenteritis, more commonly known as the stomach flu, is an inflammation
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