Month: August 2017

A recent study in JAMA Oncology compared the effectiveness of mammography alone vs. mammography in combination with MRI or ultrasonography in breast cancer screening. The results showed that combinatorial approaches could have a significant impact on detection rates and sensitivity for patients undergoing screening for recurrence. Breast cancer screening is an indispensable practice in the
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Viral infection with the hepatitis A has a low prevalence in Europe; however, a retrospective analysis found that while overall hepatitis A prevalence is decreasing, some regions still have a moderate to high risk of hepatitis A infection. Hepatitis A is a disease caused by viral infection of the liver by the hepatitis A virus.
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Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the thalamus is a well-known treatment for tremor related to Parkinson’s disease, but the research surrounding its efficacy with multiple sclerosis tremors remains inconclusive. DBS of two thalamic nuclei was found to significantly decrease tremor severity over the course of 6 months in individuals with multiple sclerosis tremors. Multiple sclerosis
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A new study validates the use of minimally invasive autopsies (MIAs) to accurately determine the cause of death in stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Since MIAs are less invasive, simpler, and more feasible, they could be an excellent tool to guide the development of preventative strategies to improve child survival in low-income, high-burden communities. Each year,
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Reducing maternal mortality rates has been a long-term goal of public health officials. In the past, the majority of research has focused on infant mortality and its relation to the mother’s age (maternal age), leaving the connection between maternal mortality rates and maternal age understudied. Recent research indicates that maternal mortality rates increase significantly after
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Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing heart disease and diabetes. Previous studies have identified aerobic and resistance exercise as protective factors that potentially reduce the risk of metabolic syndrome. A study on middle-aged healthy adults found that both aerobic and resistance exercises decrease the risk of developing
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Chikungunya virus is a mosquito-borne virus for which recent outbreaks in human populations have drawn a lot of interest from the scientific community. Luckily, a group of investigators recently reported the development of a monoclonal antibody with therapeutic potential in a macaque monkey model of the disease. Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) can be transmitted to humans
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Lifestyle interventions were effective in reducing the rate of diagnosis of diabetes in prediabetic adults when compared with standard treatment with medication. Researchers also noted improved control of blood sugar, improved exercise capacity, and increased weight loss with lifestyle adaptations. Nevertheless, issues with adherence to lifestyle changes caused deterioration in long-term health improvements. George Kerrison,
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Maternal depression leads to poor quality of life for the entire family, especially in low-income households where effective treatment is a challenge. Problem-solving education was found to be an effective depression prevention method in mothers of the Head Start community, a federally funded early-childhood education program for children and their families. Head Start is a
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Therapeutic agents with an especially promising therapeutic profile for life-threatening diseases with limited therapeutic options, can access the market faster through the accelerated approval route. This route allows faster market access for some life-saving medicines, however systematic evaluation of the clinical evidences on agents received accelerated approval is raising a concern and addressed in recent
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Brimonidine decreases fluid production and pressure inside the eye in patients with ocular hypertension and glaucoma and has been approved since 2013 for treatment of facial erythema of rosacea. However, recent reports indicate that topical brimonidine can result in serious side effects.   Two case reports have recently brought brimonidine into the spotlight when topical
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A common asthma symptom is an exercise-induced bronchoconstriction – the constriction of the airways. Researchers investigated the potential of fish oil to improve asthma symptoms. Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is a prominent and common symptom in individuals with asthma. It even affects up to 50% of elite athletes, making it a concern
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Recent studies have identified an association between the height of an individual and their risk of various age-related diseases. Researchers investigated the relationship between adult height and healthy aging in a study population of female nurses and found that height has effects on healthy aging; they also found this association could be modified through dietary
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Long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in combination with abiraterone, a selective inhibitor of CYP17, an enzyme needed for androgen production, is associated with significantly higher rates of overall and failure-free survival than ADT alone among men with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer. Cancer of the prostate is the most prevalent disease in men, with
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A recent New England Journal of Medicine article reports that Rivaroxaban has greater efficacy and more acceptable side effects than Aspirin in patients with recurrent venous thromboembolisms. Thrombose, the formation of blood clots, is a medical emergency that requires prompt medical attention. Three factors, commonly referred to as the Virchow triad, contribute to the formation
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