Month: July 2017

Parent-based treatment (PBT) programs and family-based treatment (FBT) programs are  similarly effective for child weight loss. Moreover, PBT is also effective for parent weight loss and energy intake, in addition to improving physical activity for both child and parent.   Since one-third of American children are classified as obese or overweight, effective treatment programs are
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A recent study examined whether diet during pregnancy influences fat mass and adiposity in newborns. Many studies have reported links between maternal diet and birth outcomes and weight, indicating that maternal health and nutritional status play a key role in the future health of offspring. Diet during pregnancy has been associated with newborn adiposity and
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Hypertension is a predominant risk factor for stroke and cardiovascular disease. A meta-analysis found a significant inverse relationship between dietary intake of magnesium and risk of hypertension.   Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a risk factor for several major causes of death including stroke and cardiovascular disease. About 29.6% of U.S. adults
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Studies have found that undernourished children are less physically active than well-nourished children. Researchers investigated the effects of lipid-based nutrients supplements (LNS) on the physical activity levels of children born to Malawian mothers and found that LNS does not increase physical activity in Malawian toddlers.   Poor dietary intake and malnutrition are issues prevalent in
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Depression and anxiety are often prevalent in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these patients do not often seek traditional therapy. A recent study reports that telephone-based cognitive behavioral therapy significantly improved symptoms of depression in COPD patients after an eight-week telephone program. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a well-known disease affecting
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Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found to predict cardiovascular disease and mortality. A recent study demonstrated that greater self-reported physical fitness, in particular cardiorespiratory fitness, is associated with higher self-reported life satisfaction, quality of life, and self-rated health among adolescents.   Physical fitness, an important health status marker, has been found
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Menopause is associated with weight gain and bone loss. Building on previous research indicating that levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) begin to remain high just prior to menopause, researchers investigated whether treating mice with an antibody to block FSH action triggered weight loss and prevented bone loss.   FSH is a fertility hormone produced
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No two cases of depression are alike, and approximately 20% of depression patients do not respond to any treatment. MRI was used to predict depression treatment outcomes by examining connectivity of the subcallosal cingulate cortex. Depression is an incredibly common mental disorder that affects more than 3 million people in the US each year and
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Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) are widely-used effective treatments for depression. A recent study examined patients over the course of 10 months of treatment and found that CBT was more effective at lowering depression severity than IPT. Depression, also known as major depressive disorder, is defined by the National Institute of Mental
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Urinary tract infection (UTI) related to urinary catheter use can cause many problems in nursing home residents. A USA nationwide project to improve care in this area successfully reduced the number of catheter-associated UTIs.   A urinary catheter is a small flexible tube inserted via the urethra into the bladder to drain urine. It is
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Antibiotic use for respiratory tract infections is the mainstay therapy in primary care but a recent study shows that hospital reconsultations with symptoms of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) can be significantly reduced with delayed antibiotic prescription.   Infections of the respiratory tract are a regular reason for primary care consultations and patients often present
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Obesity is common among older adults and has been found to exacerbate age-related functional decline and contribute to frailty. Researchers found that the most effective strategy to elicit weight loss while maintaining physical function and preserving lean muscle mass and bone mineral density is a combination of aerobic exercise and resistance training in addition to
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Researchers find no evidence to suggest that exposure to dogs or farm animals in an infant’s first year of life is associated with the development of type 1 diabetes.   In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers associated with three Swedish universities and their affiliates questioned whether early exposure to dogs and other animals, which carry many
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive autoimmune disease which interrupts the transmission of nerve impulses, impairing both body function and movement.  While this often leads to a decrease in overall physical activity, a recent study found evidence that individuals with MS and an increased risk of falling walked even less each day than did individuals
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A cohort study in Japan investigated the relationship between eating citrus fruits and developing dementia later in life. The authors controlled for a number of confounding factors, and found that the consumption of citrus is linked with lower incidence of dementia.   Neurodegeneration leading to loss of cognitive function, generally referred to as dementia, is
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Exercise is linked to a longer, healthier life but the mechanisms are unclear. To determine how exercise and health are linked, Tucker shows in Preventive Medicine that physical activity is associated with longer telomeres, which are linked to reduced cellular aging.   Exercise reduces the risk of many chronic diseases, including diabetes and hypertension, and
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