In a recent study, researchers developed a series of cell lines that may form the basis of a drug screen platform for breast cancer using organoids. Applying breast cancer therapies that are appropriate for a specific tumour’s composition, behaviour, and the specific mechanisms which allow it to grow, spread, and survive remains a challenge.
Researchers in the US used a statistical model to determine the impact of a food tax on unhealthy food and a subsidy on healthy food on cardiometabolic disease. The leading cause of disability and death in the US and around the world is cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is associated with economic costs that are projected
A recent study evaluated the effectiveness of introducing weight management programs to help treat and potentially make a clinical difference in patients with diabetes. Given that type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity, a recent study published in Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism investigated whether the introduction of a weight management program has the potential to
Researchers investigated the association between different types of microbes normally found in the mouth and the risk of head and neck squamous cell cancer. The human body is colonized by trillions of microbes (bacteria, fungi, and viruses) living on and in the body. These microbes outnumber human cells by about ten to one. They are
A recently published review article summarized research studies that highlight the impacts of health retreats, on their effects on health and well-being. Chronic diseases, which are caused by different lifestyle factors, are a serious global health concern and contribute to an estimated 60% of deaths all over the world according to the World Health Organization.
Coffee is a large source of economic and cultural importance. Apart from being a well-characterized stimulant, coffee has many biological ingredients that play other roles. Researchers in Brazil wanted to investigate whether by-products of coffee seed production have similar biological ingredients such as antioxidants. Coffee has had massive economic and cultural importance worldwide. A lot
A team of cardiovascular disease researchers evaluated if they could predict how stiff your arteries are by measuring your HDL cholesterol. Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading killers in the developed world, accounting for one in every three deaths in the United States. One of the biggest predictors of vascular disease is arterial stiffness
Parkinson’s disease is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that typically affects adults over 65 years old. Researchers recently investigated if caffeine and caffeine metabolites can be used as biomarkers to effectively diagnose Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder that progressively leads to loss of bodily movement. Currently, it is estimated that 55,000 Canadians (0.2% of the Canadian population) are living with Parkinson’s disease, making
Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Researchers recently identified maternal characteristics that are associated with uncomplicated pregnancies and births. Obese pregnant women have higher risks of complications during pregnancy and at birth compared to non-obese pregnant women including gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), preeclampsia, and emergency caesarian sections. All obese
A newly published study on the effects of a sedentary lifestyle has examined associations between physical activity and physical functioning in a geriatric population. Physical functioning is a key determinant of health for geriatric populations. The drop in the physical function has been found to be associated with disability and mortality. With the increasingly aging
Researchers investigated whether artificial sweeteners are linked to an unhealthy lifestyle in those who are morbidly obese. With the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in adults worldwide escalating over the last 30 years, the obesity epidemic has become one of the world’s largest public health concerns. Those who are defined as overweight or obese
A study published in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth aimed to provide evidence that behaviour change interventions can reduce secondhand-smoke exposure in pregnant women. The number of daily smokers has increased with a high prevalence of smoking in men. Exposure to second-hand smoke can result in various health outcomes, such as ischemic heart disease, lower respiratory
A recent study, published in BMC Geriatrics, investigates the association between total cholesterol and mortality in geriatric patients. It further explores whether this association can be altered with the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs. The association between high levels of total cholesterol and the increased risk of mortality in young and middle-aged people is well established.
In a recent article published in The Lancet Neurology, researchers from Hamburg, Germany summarize what is currently known about cluster headaches. Cluster headaches are characterized by headache attacks causing pain on one side of the head, lasting for 15–180 minutes and occurring up to eight times a day. Unlike a migraine headache where individuals seek
A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
Recently, researchers in Colombia investigated whether dietary habits and parent-reported sleep teeth grinding were positive predictors of tooth wear. Tooth wear is often defined as the decrease or loss of tooth substance. There are three main causes for tooth wear: attrition, abrasion, and erosion. Some research has demonstrated that as children grow older, tooth wear
Researchers from East Carolina University performed a study using mice to look at the effects of exercise in reversing metabolic dysfunction in Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurological degenerative condition that leads to cognitive decline and memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease is strongly associated with aging and it is believed that over time, specific
A recent article published in Immunity & Ageing reviews the various mechanisms involved in allergic diseases in the elderly. Our immune system plays an important role in protecting us against foreign substances and pathogens. Throughout our lives, our immune cells can become primed to react to unwanted entities, but an over-reaction by the immune system
A new study based in the UK used a mathematical model to determine whether the HPV vaccine will reduce the number of cervical screenings required. Human papilloma virus (HPV) can lead to the development of cervical cancer. In particular, patients with HPV types 16 and 18 are known to be at a high risk of
A study including over 15,000 students investigated whether added sugars and low-quality carbohydrates are associated with a higher risk of depression. Depression a leading global cause of disability in various parts of the world and can cause mental distress, anxiety, and lead to suicide in some cases. Sugar consumption has been on the rise in
A recent study published in the British Medical Journal determines whether there is a correlation between the occurrence of rainfall and achy joints. It is widely believed that changes in the weather can contribute to the intensity of back and joint pain, especially for patients diagnosed with arthritis. Previous research on the topic, however, has
Researchers in Switzerland have revealed new findings in BMC Gastroenterology on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and wellbeing in children. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a rare chronic and debilitating illness characterized by cycles of disease activity and remission. IBD is associated with a series of signs and symptoms ranging from bloody diarrhea to symptoms
A recent study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the researchers compared the effect of individualized nutrition therapy that is provided by a dietitian with the effect of dietary advice from other healthcare professionals. Nutrition therapy is considered to be an integral part of treating type 2 diabetes. It is the application of
A recent Swiss study examined three leading sports watches, Suunto, Garmin, and Polar, for their accuracy in measuring energy expenditure. The market for sports watches has been growing in recent years. Indeed, these popular and relatively inexpensive devices look to be a perfect fit for today’s active lifestyles. Comparison of Suunto, Garmin, and Polar Brand
A 2017 study investigated the effects of the increased adoption of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths among American women, demonstrating how aggressive it might be. Unfortunately, most cases are diagnosed in the advanced stages because there are no reliable early symptoms or
A recent study in Australia explores the effect of new front-of-pack nutrition food labels on food choice and willingness to pay. The requirement of including nutritional information on packaged foods has been established in various countries by governments or by the food manufacturers themselves. The most frequently used method employed to present this information is
Researchers out of London used BMI values from parents and their adult children to evaluate a common adage, fat but fit, that being overweight can promote longevity. The claim that being “fat but fit” is advantageous for increasing one’s lifespan has grown over the years. It is thought that an elevated body mass index (BMI)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), affecting more than 11% of people worldwide, causes abdominal pain, bloating, and irregular bowel movements. A recent clinical trial in Norway investigated whether fecal transplants could restore a healthy gut microbiome and relieve irritable bowel syndrome symptoms. Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) causes abdominal pain, bloating, and abnormal frequency and consistency of